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Appointed President of the Constitutional Council on February 19th, 2016, by the President of the Republic

Took the oath of office on 8 March 2016

Born August 20th, 1946, in Paris (16th arrondissement)

Education

  • Former student of the École Normale Supérieure (Ulm)
  • Agrégé of modern literature
  • Graduate of the Institut d'études politiques in Paris
  • Former student of the École nationale d'administration (François Rabelais class)

Career

Council of State

  • 1993 : Auditor
  • 1981 : Master of Requests, on secondment while a member of the National Assembly

Local mandates

  • 1977 / 1982 : Regional Councillor then President of the Regional Council (1981) of Upper Normandy
  • 1977 / 2016 : Deputy Mayor, then Mayor (1995-2000), then Deputy Mayor and Municipal Councillor (2000-2016) of Grand-Quevilly (Seine-Maritime department)
  • 1989 / 2000 : President of the Greater Rouen multi-purpose intercommunal syndicate (Syndicat intercommunal à vocations multiples, SIVOM)
  • 2000 / 2002 : Member of the Seine-Maritime General Council, representing Grand-Couronne canton
  • 2004 / 2008 : Vice-President of the Greater Rouen Conurbation (Communauté d'agglomération rouennaise)
  • 2008 / 2012 : President of the Rouen, Elbeuf and Austreberthe Conurbation (Communauté d'agglomération de Rouen, Elbeuf, and Austreberthe, CREA)

National Assembly

  • 1978 / 2012 : MP for the Seine-Maritime department (re-elected in every election)
  • 1988 / 1992 : President of the National Assembly
  • 1995 / 1997 : President of the Socialists of the National Assembly
  • 1997 / 2000 : President of the National Assembly

European Parliament

  • 1989 / 1992 : Member of the European Parliament

Socialist Party

  • 1992 / 1993 : First Secretary

Government positions

  • 1981 / 1983 : Junior Minister responsible for the Budget in the Ministry of the Economy and Finance
  • 1983 / 1984 : Minister for Industry and Research
  • 1984 / 1986 : Prime Minister
  • 2000 / 2002 : Minister for the Economy, Finance, and Industry
  • 2012 / 2016 : Foreign Minister, then Minister for Foreign Affairs and International Development

International positions

  • 2015 / 2016 : President of the United Nations Climate Change Conference in Paris (COP 21)

Constitutional Council

  • March 2016 : President of the Constitutional Council, appointed by the President of the Republic

Honours

  • Grand Cross of the National Order of Merit
  • Grand Officer of the Legion of Honour
  • Knight of the Grand Cross of the Order of Merit of the Italian Republic
  • Grand Cross of the Order of Isabella the Catholic (Spain)
  • Grand Cross of the Order of Prince Henry (Portugal)
  • Officer of the National Order of Quebec
  • Grand Cross of the Royal Norwegian Order of Merit
  • Grand Cross of the Order of the Star of Romania

Publications

  • Liberté, Libertés, a collaboration, Gallimard, 1976
  • C'est en allant vers la mer, Seuil, 1990
  • Les Blessures de la vérité, Flammarion, 1995 (Prize for the best political book)
  • Cela commence par une balade, Plon, 2003
  • Le Cabinet des douze -- Regards sur des tableaux qui font la France, Gallimard, 2010 (Montaigne prize)
  • 37, Quai d'Orsay - Diplomatie française 2012-2016, Plon, 2016

Articles published in the Cahiers du Conseil Constitutionnel (in french)

  • Foreword, Nouveaux Cahiers du Conseil constitutionnel, n° 53 (dossier : La Constitution et la laïcité) - octobre 2016