Page

Appointed on 21 February 2019 by the President of the National Assembly

Took the oath of office on 11 March 2019 before the President of the Republic

Born 15 August 1945 in Mont-de-Marsan (Landes department)

Education

  • École normale supérieure (Literature)

  • Agrégé of classical literature

  • Graduate of Institut d'études politiques de Paris

  • École nationale d'administration, Charles de Gaulle class

Career

  • 1967 / 1970: Agrégé professor of literature

  • 1972 / 1976: Inspector of Finance, appointed to the General Finance Inspectorate

  • 1976: Deputy Permanent Secretary for the interministerial commission for promotion of employment

  • 1976: Chargé de mission to the office of the Prime Minister

  • 1976 / 1977: Technical adviser to the office of the Minister of Cooperation

  • 1978 / 1979: Technical adviser to the office of the Mayor of Paris

  • 1979 / 1980: Deputy Director of finance and economic affairs for Paris City Hall

  • 1980 / 1982: Director General of the municipality of Paris, charged with the function s of the director of finance and economic affairs

  • 1983 / 1995: Deputy Mayor of Paris, Councillor of the 18th arrondissement

  • 1984 / 1986: Member of the European Parliament

  • 1984 / 1986: National Secretary for the Rassemblement Pour la République (RPR) political party, in charge of economic and social recovery

  • 1986: Member of Parliament for Paris

  • 1986 / 1988: Delegated Minister in charge of the budget, reporting to the Minister of State and the Minister of Economy, Finance and Privatisation, Spokesman for the government

  • 1988 / 1993: Member of Parliament for Paris

  • 1988 / 1994: Secretary General of the RPR political party

  • 1989: Member of the European Parliament

  • 1993 / 1995: Minister of Foreign Affairs

  • 1994 / 1995: President of the national committee for the commemoration of the fiftieth anniversary of the United Nations

  • 1994 / 1997: President of the RPR political party

  • 1995 / 1997: Prime Minister

  • 1995 / 2004: Mayor of Bordeaux

  • 1995 / 2004: President of the Greater Bordeaux conurbation

  • 1995: President of the Aquitaine expansion committee

  • 1997 / 2004: Member of Parliament for the Gironde department

  • 2002 / 2004: President of the Union pour un mouvement populaire (UMP) political party

  • 2005 / 2006: Visiting professor at the École nationale d'administration publique du Québec (Canada)

  • 2006 / 2019: Mayor of Bordeaux

  • 2006 / 2014: First Vice President of the Greater Bordeaux conurbation

  • 2006 / 2007: President of the committee in charge of preparation for the international environmental conference

  • 2007: Minister of State, Minister of Ecology, Sustainable Development and Planning

  • 2007 / 2008: Instructor at Institut d'études politiques (IEP) de Bordeaux

  • 2007 / 2008: Co-president (with Louis Schweitzer) of the commission for the White Paper on French foreign and European policy

  • 2008 / 2015: President of the departmental committee of the UMP political party federation of the Gironde department

  • 2009: Co-president, with Michel Rocard, of the commission, established by the President of the Republic, in charge of reviewing future national borrowing priorities

  • 2010 / 2016: Co-president, with Michel Rocard, of the monitoring committee of future investments

  • 2010 / 2013: Vice President and President of the Établissement public d'aménagement Bordeaux-Euratlantique (Bordeaux-Euratlantique public planning authority)

  • 2010 / 2011: Minister of State, Minister of Defence and Veterans Affairs

  • 2011 / 2012: Minister of State, Minister of Foreign and European Affairs

  • 2012 / 2019: President of the Association française du Conseil des communes et régions d'Europe (French association of the Council of European Municipalities and Regions)

  • 2013 / 2019: Vice President of United Cities and Local Governments (UCLG)

  • 2013 / 2019: Director of AFL Société territoriale (Agence France Locale)

  • 2014 / 2019: President of the Greater Bordeaux conurbation (Communauté urbaine de Bordeaux), renamed Bordeaux Métropole

  • 2014: Interim co-president of the UMP political party

  • 2017 / 2018: Director of the Fondation Alliance Française

  • 2019, 11 March (since): Member of the Constitutional Council, appointed by the President of the National Assembly, Richard Ferrand

Honours

  • Grand Officer of the Legion of Honour
  • Grand Cross of the National Order of Merit
  • Grand Cross of the Sovereign Order of Malta

Publications

  • La double rupture : redressement de l'économie, responsabilité pour chaque Français, liberté pour l'entreprise, confiance pour la France , Paris, Economica, 1983
  • La tentation de Venise , Paris, Grasset, 1993
  • Entre nous , Cachan, Nil, 1996
  • Montesquieu, le moderne , Paris, Perrin-Grasset, 2000
  • Entre quatre z'yeux (interviews with Serge July), Paris, Grasset, 2001
  • France, mon pays. Lettres d'un voyageur , Robert Laffont, 2006
  • Je ne mangerai plus de cerises en hiver ..., Plon, 2009
  • La politique telle qu'elle meurt de ne pas être (Joint interview with Michel Rocard, led by Bernard Guetta), Paris, Lattès, 2010
  • L 'avenir de la politique, Institut Diderot, 2014
  • Mes chemins pour l'école , Vers un nouveau monde, Paris, JC Lattès, 2015
  • Pour un État fort , Vers un nouveau monde, Paris, JC Lattès, 2016
  • Cinq ans pour l'emploi , Vers un nouveau monde, Paris, JC Lattès, 2016
  • Dictionnaire amoureux de Bordeaux, Paris, Plon, 2018